Three-chambered ocarinas, each with 4 holes in the lower chamber and a mouthpiece in the upper chamber. The first (401) has a mask with the right half of the face without flesh, achieved with clay modeling and appliqué techniques. The image of the ocarina has a prominent nose and is wearing a headband, a tubular nose ring and earrings. The second ocarina (402) resembles an animal, possibly a dog, because it has a mask modeled over his face, with fangs and a headband.
Music among Pre-Columbian peoples was a cultural manifestation of all ages and all social ranks. The public and private events, in which the elite participated, were entertained with music. Among the instruments most frequently used were drums, trumpets and conch shells, which were seen especially in the royal and military processions.
Among the families of musical instruments, with which the Maya created sounds and music, the "Wind Instruments" were the most common and abundant, especially because of the hardness of the material and conservation conditions. In this category we can highlight the ocarinas, flutes and ceramic whistles, as well as bone flutes and conch shell trumpets (Strombus gigas). However, it is known that the Maya had flutes and trumpets made of wood and reeds.
Musical instruments were considered divine vessels, and were treated with great respect due to their relationship with music and dance, sacred manifestations as well.
To learn more you can read the work of:
Adje Both, Arnd. "Pre-Columbian Music: Ritual Sounds Throughout History" in Arqueología Mexicana magazine.
Stöckli, Matthias. 2005. Musical Iconography. XVIII Symposium of Archaeological Research in Guatemala, 2004 (edited by JP Laporte, B. Arroyo and H. Mejía), pp.585-590. National Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Guatemala.